Skip to main content

Full text of "What boycotting means"

See other formats

Irish Question, No. 16.] 


ON September 19th, 1880, Mr. Parnell formulated the law of 
boycotting in the town of Ennis, county Clare. Mr. 
Parnell's words were as follows : — 

" What are you to do to a tenant who bids for a farm from 
which another tenant has been evicted? (Several voices: 
' Shoot him.') I think I heard somebody say ' shoot him.' I 
wish to point out to you a very much better way — a more 
■Christian and charitable w T ay — which will give the lost 
man an opportunity of repenting. When a man takes a 
farm from which another has been evicted you must show 

him on the roadside when you meet him; you 
must show him in the streets of the town ; you must 
show him in the shop ; you must show him on the fair 
green and in the market-place, and even in the place 
of worship— by leaving him alone, by putting him into 

a moral Coventry, by isolating him from the rest of his country- 
men as if he were a leper of old ; you must show him your 

detestation of the crime he has committed." 

The result of this advice by the " uncrowned king " of Ireland 
is shown in the following recmt cases taken from The Timzs 
February 2, 188G. 

./fccyY'/Y* V 

( 2 ) 

" Edward Tobill, publican, and owner of posting establish- 
ment, boycotted by order of the local branch of the Natioant 
League for having saved crops of landlord on an evicted farm. 
His house deserted, his family afraid to visit him, and posting 
business would be lost altogether but for contract with Post 

Office. Might have starved except for help rendered 

by Loyalists. January 20th, 1886. 

" The following boycotting notice was. posted up in New Dysart 
on Sunday, January 10th, 1886:— 'Men of Eoscommon and 
Galway, — The greatest ruin of the National cause and the 
deadliest foe to the tenant farmer is the land-grabber. He is 
the last prop of landlordism, the man who keeps up the price of 
land, and who would bid for the house over your head. Down 

with him. In the parish of Dysart there are three of 
these reptiles, these enemies of Ireland. Boycott 

them. Their names are — , — , — . Let no man speak to them, 
no man deal with them, no man buy or sell for or from them. 
Let no tradesman or labourer work for them. He who does let 
him mark the consequences, As yon live your count);. Eear 

just retribution, obey this. God save I;< 1..M ! : 

" A farm of G7 acres, belonging bo nepw 
Wheeler, situated in Battymaeart; County WaAerfowtj baton up 

from the tenant wtio was three years in arrears of rent. 

has been completely boycotted, though several solvent farm- 
ers anxious to take it. Owner unable to keen his own cattle upon it . 

" Precisely same state- of affairs on a farm, rental, £lo3, I 
property of Sir Eichard \liisgravo, in the union of Dungarvan, 
The- neighbouring tenants were anxious to have the farm divided 
among them, but were afraid to take it. One tenant was given 
11 acres of this farm as a set-off for a reduction of rent, since 
when he has. been boycotted. 

"Widow Sarah Lalor, of Oghill, county Kildare, 
is boycotted in consequence of having taken one 

( 3 ) 

acre of land surrendered to Lord Drogheda, contrary 
to command of the League. Has been refused necessaries 

of life. Some woman purchased an acre of meadow near by, 
but the vendor was obliged for his own safety to go before the 
committee of the League in Monasterevan to excuse himself and 

''Fifteen- Tenants of Colonel Crosbie, at Ballyheigue, county 
Kerry, paid their judicial rents, contrary to the commands 

of the League, and were boycotted in fair and market. 

No one would work for them. Law^ proceedings having been 
commenced the ban was removed, but the boycotted men were 
mulcted by the League in blackmail to the extent of 15 per cent. 

The parish priest is president of the League. 

"Tomas Nunn, of Newmarket, county Cork, boy- 
cotted for posting Mr. Walsh's election address* 

" Timothy Sullivan, car driver, Newmarket, county Cork, boy- 
COtted by order of the National League, Eev. Mr. O'Callaghan, 

president, for driving police to protect the billsticker 

who plied his trade for Mr. Walsh, the Loyalist candidate for that 
division of the country, 

" Thomas Davidson, a Caretaker of the Property Defence 
Association at Newmarket, county Cork, is boycotted, and his 

children not permitted to go to school. Colonel 

Aldworth's gate-keeper took in one child to attend No. 2 School, 
situated inside the demesne walls, with the result that turf, 
saturated with oil, was thrown into the windows, and he is 
unable to get the necessaries of life at Newmarket, being obliged 
to send eight miles for them. 

"James M'Neill, of Carrigallen, County Leitrim, now 
completely boycotted for having two years ago taken a farm, can 
buy nothing in his own town. The village postmaster told him he 
would have to turn him out of his shop if he called again. Five 

neighbours have been boycotted for speaking to 

( 4 ) 

him. The National League Court which has decreed this treat- 
ment used to sit in the house of the Bev. Mr. Galligan, C.C., 
president of the Court, at night, but in future the Court will sit 
on a neighbouring hill top. 

" The Steward of Mr. Lawder, a Loyalist candidate, bought a 
pig to sell and kill at Christmas. Notices were posted stating 
that it had been bought from a Loyalist, and any one who bought 

a piece of pork was not a ' friend of the people.' " 

The above are merely specimen cases of the tyranny and dis- 
organisation of society which prevails at the present moment in 
Ireland. It is publicly stated that "English law is broke," and 
the millennium is at hand, when rent and Protestant landgrabbers 
will be abolished. 

Mr. Gladstone in his speech in the House of Common-. 
May 24, 1882, thus described Boycotting : — 

"What is meant by boycotting? In the first place, it is 
Combined intimidation- In the second place, it is combined 
intimidation made use of for the purpose of destroying the private 

liberties of choice by fear of ruin and starvation. In the 
third place, that being what * boycotting ' is in itself, we must 
look to this : that the creed of ' boycotting,' like every other creed, 
requires a sanction, and that the Sanction of ' boycotting ' 
— that which stands in the rear of ' boycotting,' and by which 
alone ' boycotting ' can in the long run run be made thoroughly 

effective— is the murder which is not to be 

Published by the Liberal Committee for the Maintenance of the 

Legislative Union between Great Britain and Ireland, 

oo, Spring Gardens, S.YV.